Labor and Birth Natural-Birth Providers and Options

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Labor and Birth

Natural-Birth Providers and Options

 

Certified midwife: Certified by the American College of Nurse Midwives, this health-care

Professional is trained to handle low-risk deliveries, with obstetrical backup should complication arise.

  • Plus: Offers a birth experience with fewer medical interventions and more humanistic care.
  • Minus: If the delivery suddenly becomes high risk, an obstetrician may be needed on the scene.

Doula: Mirroring the “old style” female experience, this person provides loving emotional and physical support during labor, offering massage and help in breathing and relaxation, but not performing actual health-care tasks, such as vaginal exams. (Doulas have no medical training.)

  • Plus: Provides caring support from an advocate.
  • Minus: Drives up birth expense.

Lamaze method: Developed by French physician Ferdinand Lamaze, this popular method prepares women for childbirth by teaching pain management through relaxation and breathing exercises.

  • Plus: Offers a shared experience with a partner (who acts as the coach) and the sense of approaching the birth experience with greater control.
  • Minus: Doesn’t necessarily work for pain control “as advertised”!

Bradley Method: Developed by Robert Bradley in the 1940’s, this technique is designed for women interested in having a completely natural, nonmedicated birth. It stresses good diet and exercise, partner coaching, and deep relaxation.

  • Plus: Tailored for women firmly committed to forgoing any medical interventions.
  • Minus: May set women up for disappointment if things don’t go as planned and they need those interventions.

Medical Interventions

Episiotomy: The cutting of the perineum or vagina to widen that opening and allow the fetus to emerge (not recommended unless there is a problem delivery).*

  • Plus: May prevent a fistula, a vaginal tear into the rectal opening, which produces chronic incontinence and pain.
  • Minus: May increase the risk of infection after delivery and hinder healing.

Epidural: This most popular type of anesthesia used during labor involves injecting a painkilling medication into a small space outside the spinal cord to numb the woman’s body below the waist. Epidurals are now used during the active stage of labor-effectively dulling much of the pain-and during c-sections, so that the woman is awake to see her child during the first moments after birth.

  • Plus: Combines optimum pain control with awareness; because the dose can be varied, the woman can see everything, and she has enough feeling to push during vaginal deliveries.
  • Minus: Can slow the progress of labor in vaginal deliveries, can result in headaches, and is subject to errors if the needle is improperly inserted. Concerns also center on the fact that the newborn may emerge “groggy”.

Electronic fetal monitor: This device is used to monitor the fetus’s heart rate and alert the doctor to distress. With an external monitor, the woman wears two belts around her abdomen. With an internal monitor, an electrode is inserted through the cervix to record the heart rate through the fetal scalp.

  • Plus: Shown to be useful in high-risk pregnancies.
  • Minus: Can give false readings, leading to a premature c-section. Also, its superiority over the lower-tech method of listening to the baby’s heartbeat with a stethoscope has not been demonstrated.

C-section: The doctor makes an incision in the abdominal wall and the uterus and removes the fetus manually.

  • Plus: Is life-saving to the mother and the baby when a vaginal delivery cannot occur (as when the baby is too big to emerge or the placenta is obstructing the cervix). Also is needed when the mother has certain health problems or when the fetus is in serious distress.
  • Minus: As a surgical procedure, it is more expensive than vaginal delivery and can lead to more discomfort after birth.

 

 

 

 

 

*Late twentieth-century research has suggested that the once-common U.S. practice of routinely performing episiotomies had no advantages and actually hindered recovery from birth. Therefore, in recent decades, the episiotomy rate in the United States has declined.

 

Topic: Commercializing Emerging Technology Through

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Create two essay questions and associated answers.

Topic “Wharton Managing Emerging Technologies – Commercializing Emerging Technology Through Complementary Assets”.

Need 500-600 words. No plagiarism and on time delivery.

APA standards with appropriate references.

Need the answer according to the text book.

The question/answer part may not be the same as any two previously submitted.

According to an article written by Paul Stekler, Chair of the Radio-Television-Film Department at the University of Texas at Austin

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According to an article written by Paul Stekler, Chair of the Radio-Television-Film Department at the University of Texas at Austin, Texas is viewed as a Republican state due to the lack of interest that working-class voters have in participating in any elections. Cultural aversions have made voting difficult and obsolete in areas where certain races felt that getting politically involved was dangerous. Democrats are generally not participating in elections nor is there any motivation available to encourage fellow democrats to run to the polls and take part in the elections. Although the two-party system encourages political debate, Paul is convinced that nothing will change unless the fearful ethnicities in his article become more engaged in politics and our democracy.

Much like Paul, Ben Philpott of KUT 90.5, feels as though Texas is viewed as a one-party state and shares much of the same viewpoints. Ben feels as though voting habits will drastically shift during upcoming election years once voters feel as though the party they have voted for doesn’t share their interests of viewpoints much like what’s going on with Donald Trump in office. He thinks the likelihood of Texas continuing to be a Republican state is possible unless Republicans stop voting for Republicans and Democrats step up and vote for fellow Democrats.

Much like the other individuals that I have identified, Ed Espinoza appears to have the exact same viewpoint regarding Texas being a one party Republican state. He also shares some of the same ideas however emphasizes the need for additional participation from democratic voters in order for office to shape up. He feels as though the things have been displayed about Texas are of poor representation and bad public policy. Like the others, he feels as though changes are attainable if democrats become more engaged, vote and remain informed so not to miss important dates and events that are put in place to sway popular vote.

Personally, I felt as though there were changes being made when George Bush was in office and even Barack Obama. I attempted to remain abreast of all important political issues and things that were going on in Texas. Once Donald Trump got elected, things appeared to fall apart and shifted drastically on a downward spiral with talks of government shut downs. I feel that all three articles are significant in that they all clearly state the same position. Although initially discouraged, Democrats who are now able to vote should become engaged and remain informed about all issues as they could affect them in one way or the other. So not to be blind-sided by what’s going on, discussions should be held in public forums so that the Democrats truly understand the importance and significance of their votes otherwise Texas will continue to be viewed as a one party, Republican, state.

One-Party Rule Has Never Been That Simple In Texas |Ben PhilPott | http://www.kut.org/post/one-party-rule-has-never-been-simple-texas

The Problem With a One-Party State Government in Texas; Paul Stekler, Chair of the Radio-Television-Film Department | https://news.utexas.edu/2016/07/15/the-problem-with-a-one-party-state-government-in-texas

Topic: “Wharton Managing Emerging Technologies – Technology Strategy in Lumpy Market Landscapes”.

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Create two essay questions and associated answers.

Topic: “Wharton Managing Emerging Technologies – Technology Strategy in Lumpy Market Landscapes”.

Need 500-600 words. No plagiarism and on time delivery.

APA standards with appropriate references.

Need the answer according to the text book.

 It is time to relate the rules and concepts of probability to the practice of statistics and experimentation.

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It is time to relate the rules and concepts of probability to the practice of statistics and experimentation. Sampling distributions provide the link between probabilities and data. Recall that the sum of the probabilities of all possible outcomes for a certain event must equal one. Because the variables representing or describing a certain event can take on a range of values, the frequency of each of those values forms a distribution of possible outcomes, each with its own probability of occurrence. View “Central Limit Theorem” (media piece). What is the significance of the frequency histogram illustrated by dice and numbers in “Dice Combination?” How does this relate to the central limit theorem provided in the media? Roll the dice, what were your odds? HINT: Click on Dice Combination in the media. If you roll the dice, you have to count the total number of two dice. There are two ways to check on your results (Refer to the instructions by clicking Instructions); click on the dice combinations and odds given in the frequency histogram and the table or click the red bar at the right side of the media piece. Explore the basic principle of probability through this media piece. Utilize the quiz to ensure that you understand these basic principles. What is the significance of probability in judgment and decision making in important aspects of health care? Explain your response with an applicable example.

Full Title of Essay

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Title of Paper

John Q. Student

University Name

Course ID—Course Name

Module x, Assignment x

Instructor Name

Date

 

 

Full Title of Essay

Start your first paragraph here. The best way to use this template is to read through the entire document first. Then, delete each section as you fill it in with your essay content. This template is formatted to meet APA’s requirements, so when you delete the sections one at a time, you will see that your work is formatted properly. This is the introduction paragraph. Here you want to introduce your topic and grab the reader’s attention. Your introduction paragraph should be 4–6 sentences long and will include your thesis statement. Remember, the thesis statement states the main focus or main idea of the entire essay and is normally the last sentence in the introduction; however, more importantly, it should be obvious what your thesis statement is.

Begin the second paragraph here. This is your first body paragraph. Paragraphs should be between 5–12 sentences. Your body paragraphs should begin with the paragraph’s topic, which is the topic sentence. This topic sentence explains the main focus of this paragraph, and should clearly relate to your thesis statement. Next, you will include supporting details. If you are using research (sources), this is where you should include them; most importantly, this is also where you use in-text citations to cite other people’s ideas from your sources (Author, date). Finally, the last sentence of a body paragraph concludes the paragraph and loops back to the paragraph’s main focus.

Begin the third paragraph here. This is your second body paragraph. Paragraphs should be between 5–12 sentences. Your body paragraphs should begin with the paragraph’s topic, which is the topic sentence. This topic sentence explains the main focus of this paragraph, and should clearly relate to your thesis statement. Next, you will include supporting details. If you are using research (sources), this is where you should include them; most importantly, this is also where you use in-text citations to cite other people’s ideas from your sources (Author, date). Finally, the last sentence of a body paragraph concludes the paragraph and loops back to the paragraph’s main focus.

Begin the fourth paragraph here. This is your third body paragraph. Paragraphs should be between 5–12 sentences. Your body paragraphs should begin with the paragraph’s topic, which is the topic sentence. This topic sentence explains the main focus of this paragraph, and should clearly relate to your thesis statement. Next, you will include supporting details. If you are using research (sources), this is where you should include them; most importantly, this is also where you use in-text citations to cite other people’s ideas from your sources (Author, date). Finally, the last sentence of a body paragraph concludes the paragraph and loops back to the paragraph’s main focus.

You may have more than three body paragraphs depending on the requirements of the essay. This template is formatted for only five paragraphs so if you add more just begin a new paragraph and tap the TAB key to indent. The font and margins are already pre-set for you. The final paragraph is the conclusion paragraph. This paragraph can be shorter than the others. Remember to wrap-up the essay for the reader. Also, the conclusion should not introduce any new material. Finally, you will want to refer back to your thesis statement.

 

 

References

Author, A. A. (Date of publication). Title of article only first letter capitalized. Magazine/Journal Title Capitalized, volume #(issue #), page range.

Author, C. C., & Author, D. D. (Year). Name of course textbook only first letter capitalized [VitalSource Digital Version]. City, State: Publisher.

University Online. (2010). Course ID: Title of course in sentence casing: Week X:

            Specific lecture not capitalized. Retrieved from myeclassonline.com

Title of online article w/o author. (Date of publication). Newsletter/Website Title Capitalized. Retrieved from URL

 

Pisani’s message about the role of politics in public health? 

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This course is designed to provide you the knowledge and skills in application, evaluation, analysis, and interpretation of biostatistical data used to inform public health programs, policy, and practice. Elizabeth Pisani is an epidemiologist in public health and has a message about the role that politics has on the use of the data. View “Elizabeth Pisani: Sex, Drugs and HIV – Let’s Get Rational.” Do you agree or disagree with Pisani’s message about the role of politics in public health?