In your first Bloomberg task you will have to use Altman’s Z score to determine if companies Boeing is going to fail in the near future.

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In your first Bloomberg task you will have to use Altman’s Z score to determine if companies Boeing is going to fail in the near future.

For more information, see: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Altman_Z-score.

The following is the formula for most public companies (there are small differences for financial companies, private companies as so on)

Z=1.2X1+1.4X2+3.3X3+0.6X4+0.999X5

X1 = Working Capital / Total Assets
X2 = Retained Earnings / Total Assets
X3 = EBIT / Total Assets
X4 = Market Value of Equity /Book Value of Total Liabilities

X5 = Sales/ Total Assets

A Z score higher than 2.99 is considered a safe score; between 1.8 and 2.99 it is a grey area; below 1.8 is the danger area.

Each of you were assigned a “blue chip” company. You will need to find a company that is in more danger than blue chips. Bloomberg uses a system of rankings and computes the probability of default. It is under the function DRSK. The following grab shows an example. You will select companies with HY 2 and above. Those companies have higher probabilities of default.

 

To select such companies I suggest that you search for companies that have bonds rated CCC- to CCC+. To do so you will need to go to CORP and do a search. I suggest the following fields for your search. However, any other way you devise to select companies with a high HY is fine by me.

 

Once you have the second company you will have to compute the Z scores for the past three years for both companies. You will compare the scores between the “blue chip” and the “danger zone” company and determine if the Z score you computed is similar with the one that you can find for both companies in Bloomberg. In addition, you will see if the Z score you computed is correlated with the probability of default that Bloomberg computed in DRSK. As a conclusion you will need to make a prediction if the danger zone company will default in the next two years.

You will present your results in a format that will include your computations, your comments and the necessary Bloomberg grabs that show your work (mainly the DRSK grabs of your two companies and some grabs showing an example on how you extracted the relevant data.)

International business law case

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International business law case

Name: Abdullah Alshaya

 

 

Voest-Alpine Trading USA Corp v. Bank of China

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Introduction

This paper addresses the case of Voest-Alpine Trading USA Corp v. Bank of China, case number 167F.Supp.2d 940(2000). The case deals with issues in international business transactions as it is between Voest-Alpine Trading USA Corp, an American-based company and Jiangyin Foreign Trade Corporation, a Chinese-based company. The relationship between the plaintiff (Voest-Alpine Trading USA Corp) and Jiangyin Foreign Trade Corporation emerges from a contractual agreement dated June 23, 1995. Voest-Alpine was to supply or sell 1000 metric tons of styrene monomer at total of price of $ 1.2 million. The defendant Bank of China entered the picture when JFTC applied for a letter of credit to it in order to fund the transaction with the plaintiff upon delivery to Zhangjiagang. After a series of delays and miscommunication, the Bank of China did not honor the letter of credit presented by the plaintiff. However, the court ruled the case in favor of the plaintiff Voest-Alpine after assessing the list of discrepancies presented by the Bank of China.

The companies

The companies involved in the case include Voest-Alpine Trading USA Corp, the Jiangyin Foreign Trade Corporation, the Bank of China and the Texas Commerce Bank. The Voest Alpine Trade Corporation deals in technology and capital goods. The company supplies steel and other metals to companies in the aerospace, automotive and consumer goods market. The Jiangyin Foreign Trade Corporation deals in imports and exports of products within the light industry and thus sourcing of the 1000 metric tons of styrene monomer was for the purpose of production. The Bank of China which is the defendant in the case is a large commercial bank in China owned by the government and deals in financial services. The bank’s headquarters is in Beijing, China. It was tasked with allocating payment to Voest-Alpine Trading USA Corp upon end of transaction by honoring the letter of credit applied by Jiangyin Foreign Trade Corporation.  The case took root, when JFTC asked for a price concession after the significant drop in the market price of styrene monomer; however, Voest Alpine Trade USA Corp declined and instead shipped the styrene monomer on July 18 1995. The Texas Commerce bank had the role of assessing the letter of credit and documents presented by Voest –Alpine but identified some discrepancies. Even so, Voest-Alpine ordered the bank to forward the documents and letter of credit to the Bank of China. However, the Bank of China declined to pay the letter of credit and highlighted to the Texas Bank, “informing them of seven alleged discrepancies between the letter of credit and the documents Voest-Alpine presented, six of which are the subject of this action”(DiMatteo & Dhooge, 2006, pg.377).

The Facts

FACTS:  Voest-Alpine agreed to ship 1000 metric tons of styrene monomer to JFTC valued at $ 1.2 million after negotiations. JFTC applied for a letter of credit to the Bank of China which would be honored upon the shipment of goods to Zhangjiagang, China and that Voest-Alpine would have presented the required paperwork to Bank of China. Before shipment, JFTC applied for a price concession after the price of styrene monomer had drastically dropped in the market but Voest-Alpine declined the request and shipped the monomer on July 18, 1995. On August 1, 1995, Vest-Alpine presented documents specified in the letter of credit to the Texas Commerce Bank. The Texas Commerce Bank, instead, identified discrepancies between the documents presented and the letter of credit and notified Voest –Alpine. However, Voest-Alpine did not believe that discrepancies would disqualify the payment. On August 3, 1995, the Texas Commerce Bank sent the documents to the Bank of China. The Voest-Alpine exceeded the fifteen days of the shipping dates it was required by the letter of credit. The required date was August 2, 1995.On August 11. 1995, the Bank of China declined to honor the letter of credit based on identification of seven discrepancies between the letter of credit and the documents. The reasons given were: a) the name of the beneficiary was not similar to the name listed on the letter of credit. b) Voest-Alpine failed to submit bills indicated original and instead they were marked as duplicate and triplicate. c) The invoice, packing list and certificate of origin were not indicated as original. d) The dates between the survey report and bill of lading did not match. e) The number indicated in the letter of credit did not match the date on the beneficiary’s certified copy of fax. f) The name of the destination was misspelled in the certificate of origin and the beneficiary’s certificate.

Case significance

The case highlights the rules and policies followed when international companies engage in international business deals. It illuminates on whether a court has jurisdiction over a foreign company similar to how the district court compelled the Bank of China to honor the letter of credit to Voest-Alpine despite the discrepancies. According to Frostestad (2000) under the sovereign immunity framework, federal courts have jurisdiction over foreign sates on any actions of commercial activity outside the territories of the United States as long as the activity has a direct effect on the United States. Furthermore, the case signifies the importance of clear communication f terms and agreements between foreign companies to ensure they do not violate their respective laws in commercial activity. Trading partners should be keen on the laws and regulations that regulate international trade ( Azimuddin Law Associates, 2018).

Case brief

FACTS: Voest-Alpine agreed to ship 1000 metric tons of styrene monomer to JFTC valued at $ 1.2 million after negotiations. Before shipment, JFTC applied for a price concession after the price of styrene monomer had drastically dropped in the market but Voest-Alpine declined the request and shipped the monomer on July 18, 1995. On August 3, 1995, the Texas Commerce Bank sent the documents to the Bank of China. On August 11, 1995, the Bank of China declined to honor the letter of credit based on identification of seven discrepancies between the letter of credit and the documents.

ISSUE: The bank of China failed to notify that it will not honor the presentation documents within seven banking days of receiving the documents

REASONS: The bank of China failed to present the notice of refusal within seven banking days from receiving the documents. b) In the notice, the Bank of China did not indicate that it was rejecting the documents or would not honor the letter of credit. c) The Bank of China’s telex sent on August 11, 1995 did not contain the list of discrepancies and the disposition of the documents. d) the Bank of China seemed to indicate acceptance when it notified the plaintiff they would contact them to determine whether to waive the discrepancies.

CONCLUSION: The court ruled that the telex sent exceeded the required date of August 18, 1995 and was instead sent on August 19, 1995 as per the UCP 500 Article 14(d). Secondly, the Bank of China did not forward a notice of refusal within seven banking days upon receiving the documents as per UCP 500 Article 14(d). In conclusion, the court ruled the case in favor of the plaintiff.

 

References

Azimmudin Law Associates.(2018). Legal Aspects of International Business Transactions. Retrieved from https://www.hg.org/legal-articles/legal-aspects-of-international-business-transactins-30504

DiMatteo,L., & Dhooge, L.(2006). International Business Law: A Transactional Approach. Thomson/Southwestern.

Frotestad, H.L. (2000). Voest-Alpine Trading v. Bank of China: Can a Uniform Interpretation of a “Direct Effect” Be Attained Under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (FSIA) of 1976? Valparaiso University Law Review, 34(3), 515-556.

 

 

 

 

 

 

DR/BC Assessment and Maintenance

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DR/BC Assessment and Maintenance

For this assignment, you will respond to the following scenario:

Testing of the DR/BC plan was started but did not go well.  As part of the test, systems that were taken off-line were not properly  restored. Databases were corrupted. Internet and external communications  have been lost.

The project deliverables are as follows:

  • Update the DR/BC Plan title page with the new date.
  • Update the previously completed sections based on the instructor’s feedback.
  • Testing
    • Compose a section in your DR/BC document that addresses the following:
      • What could have been done to avoid this failure situation
      • What to do during the event, including who to contact and when
      • What to do after the event and systems have been restored
  • Maintenance
    • Compose a section on what must be done to maintain this DR/BC Plan in a satisfactory state of readiness.
    • Describe how a DR/BC audit might be conducted, by whom, for what purpose, and how frequently.
  • Final Document Review
    • Review the entire document for any changes and improvements that you would like to make.
    • Ensure that this final version of the plan is sufficiently  detailed to allow the organization to confidently move forward with the  use of the document for the next steps in development of the DR/BC Plan  based on your report.
    • Any previous instructor feedback should be addressed with appropriate changes.
  • Be sure to update your table of contents before submission.

Discuss the current compliance status of the healthcare facility.

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INTRODUCTION

The accreditation process seeks to help organizations identify and resolve problems and to inspire them to improve the safety and quality of care and services provided. The process focuses on systems critical to the safety and the quality of care, treatment, and services.

For this task, you will assume the role of director of accreditation. You will review and analyze the materials (e.g., records, previous audit, trends, e-mails) provided in the case study to prepare for the audit. You will need to look across all departments and examine trends and patient care issues to determine readiness.

REQUIREMENTS

Your submission must be your original work. No more than a combined total of 30% of the submission and no more than a 10% match to any one individual source can be directly quoted or closely paraphrased from sources, even if cited correctly. An originality report is provided when you submit your task that can be used as a guide.

You must use the rubric to direct the creation of your submission because it provides detailed criteria that will be used to evaluate your work. Each requirement below may be evaluated by more than one rubric aspect. The rubric aspect titles may contain hyperlinks to relevant portions of the course.

A.  Facilitate an organization’s continuous accreditation compliance process as you determine the readiness for the accreditation audit of the healthcare facility in the attached Accreditation Audit Case Study – Task 4 Artifacts by doing the following:

1.  Discuss the current compliance status of the healthcare facility.

2.  Discuss any trends evident in the Accreditation Audit Case Study – Task 4 Artifacts that may cause the organization to not be compliant with the Joint Commission standards for patient care.

3.  Review the performance improvement standard regarding staffing in the healthcare facility’s patient care unit by doing the following:

a.  Analyze the data to determine the staffing patterns of the patient care unit.

b.  Develop a staffing plan to minimize the number of falls in the patient care unit.

Note: If you have problems opening the Audit Case Study – Task 4 Artifacts file, download the file first, and then open it
B.  When you use sources, include all in-text citations and references in APA format.

What motivational techniques, methods, or strategies does (or did) your current or past employer use to try to keep employees productive, satisfied, or motivated?

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Having read this week’s assigned readings, you are now familiar with various theories and approaches to motivating employees. Consider your current job, a job you have had in the past, or one you know well, and then complete the Assignment.

By Day 7

Submit a 400- to 700-word paper which answers all of the following questions:

  1. What motivational techniques, methods, or strategies does (or did) your current or past employer use to try to keep employees productive, satisfied, or motivated?
  2. What worked and didn’t work to keep you productive, satisfied, and/or motivated?
  3. What motivational theories explain why your employer’s efforts worked or didn’t work to keep their employees productive, satisfied, or motivated?
  4. Based on your experiences and the readings, what would you recommend that your current or past employer do to try to keep their employees productive, satisfied, and/or motivated?

Application Assignments must be in AWE style and format. APA Style

Psychodynamic theories of psychology emphasize the role of the unconscious mind and early childhood experiences in personality development.

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Psychodynamic theories of psychology emphasize the role of the unconscious mind and early childhood experiences in personality development. Despite the far-reaching influence of psychodynamic theories on the evolution and current state of psychology as a discipline, there were many initial criticisms about the relevance and validity of these theories. One criticism of early psychodynamic theories is that they fail to account for one’s free will in the relationship between early childhood experiences and subsequent behavior. Initial theories suggested that personality and existing behavior were directly and solely determined during childhood. Another criticism is what some perceived to be the lack of scientific rigor with which the theories were developed. For example, Freud’s theories were based on case studies of mostly middle class, white Victorian women. Therefore, critics argued that his theories could not be generalized or applied beyond this narrow population of patients. Another criticism of psychodynamic theories was that many of the related concepts and processes (e.g., the unconscious, ego, childhood memories, feelings of inferiority, symbolism, and interpretation of dreams) could not be objectively measured or easily replicated. This criticism gave rise to the emergence of behaviorism, which sought to establish psychology as a science through the objective and observable measures of external stimuli and behaviors.

Fortunately, researchers have attempted to address some of the criticisms of early psychodynamic theories by studying and testing the theories in a wide range of contexts. In this discussion, you will select a study involving one psychodynamic theory of interest to you and determine if and how the results supported the theory or contributed to its evolution.

To prepare

  • Review this week’s Learning Resources on psychodynamic theories.
  • Select one psychodynamic theory (e.g., psychoanalytic, psychosocial development) that interests you the most.
  • Locate a research article that includes the psychodynamic theory you selected.
  • Reflect on what you learned last week about the research-theory cycle. Think about how the theory was incorporated in the study and whether or not the findings provide evidence in support of the theory.

Please identify each of the following concepts, including both a specific definition and the larger significance of the term as it relates to comparative politics in no more than five sentences.

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Final Exam

Please identify each of the following concepts, including both a specific definition and the larger significance of the term as it relates to comparative politics in no more than five sentences. Where appropriate, give reference to readings or course lectures. No examples or outside sources are allowed. Citation is not required, but you must indicate where you got the ideas from.

Each question is worth 1 point.

You are expected to complete the exam on your own – this is by the honor system, but two identical answers will draw suspicion… Please answer the questions in order by copying and pasting the list into your document.

  1. FPTP:
  2. Devolution:
  3. Sufficient Conditions:
  4. Patronage:
  5. Bureaucracy:
  6. Constructivism:
  7. Constitutional Patriotism:
  8. Human Weapon:
  9. The Resource Curse:
  10. Globalization:
  11. Dependency Theory:
  12. Modernization:
  13. Civil Society:
  14. Piven and Cloward’s concept of “Everyday Banality”:
  15. Fascism:
  16. Max Weber’s Definition of The State:
  17. The Social Contract, according to Hobbes:
  18. “Political Emancipation”:
  19. Secularism:
  20. Cis-gender:
  21. The Third Wave of Democratization:
  22. Schmitter and Karl’s Definition of Democracy:
  23. Asymmetrical Federalism:
  24. Ethnic outbidding:
  25. The feminization of poverty:
  26. Alternative Voting:
  27. Single-Party State:
  28. ISI:
  29. SSR:
  30. Refugees:

all course readings :

# readings from THE STATE up to October 11 Origins of authoritarianism are found in the attachment of my previous questions, ( gened essay 1 and gened essay 2).

# readings from political violence until the end are found in the attachment of this question.

# I have also attached my in class notes. please use them also.  (untitled 8 pdf / untitled 9 pdf)

 

The State

September 4, 6: Why do we care so much about the state?

Ideas and Identities

Tuesday, September 11: The nation (and nationalism)

  • O’Neil, Chapter 3 (Nations and Society)
  • Ernst Gellner. Nations and Nationalism. 1-7, 53-62.

Thursday, September 13: Ethnicity and politics

  • David Lake and Donald Rothschild. “Containing Fear: The Origins and Management of Ethnic Conflict”.

Tuesday, September 18: Religion and politics

  • Ayatollah Ruholla Khomeini, “The Meaning of the Cultural Revolution”.
  • Karl Marx, “On the Jewish Question”.

Thursday, September 20: Gender and politics

Tuesday, September 25: Class and politics

  • Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels, The Manifesto of the Communist Party.

Democracies

Thursday, September 27: Democracies in general

  • O’Neil, Chapter 5: Democracies
  • O’Neil, Chapter 8: Advanced democracies
  • Philippe C. Schmitter and Terry Lynn Karl, “What Democracy Is… and Is Not”, p.203-212.

 October 2: Democracies in specific

  • Pippa Norris, Electoral Engineering: Voting Rules and Political Behavior. Pages. 339-77.
  • Simone Weil, On the Abolition of All Political Parties, Pages 3-34.

Authoritarianism

Thursday, October 4: Authoritarianism(s): an introduction

  • O’Neil, Chapter 6: Authoritarianism
  • Freedom House, “The Worst of the Worst 2012: The World’s Most Repressive Societies.” Available at http://www.freedomhouse.org/sites/default/files/Worst%20of%20the%20Worst%202012%20final%20report.pdf

Thursday, October 11: Origins of authoritarianism

  • Eva Bellin. “The Robustness of Authoritarianism in the Middle East: Exceptionalism in Comparative Perspective.”
  • What is Totalitarianism? Debate and Conversation

Tuesday, October 16: Dictatorships vs. democracies

Political upheavals, political violence, and political transitions

Tuesday, October 23: Political violence

  • Michel Foucault, Discipline and Punish, Pages 3-7.
  • Banu Bargu, Starve and Immolate, Pages 1-36.
  • Asal, R. Legault, O. Szekely, and J. Wilkenfeld, “Gender Ideology and Forms of Contentious Mobilization in the Middle East”

Tuesday, October 30: Social movements

  • Francis Fox Piven and Richard A. Cloward, Poor People’s Movements, Chapter 1, Pages 1-40

Thursday, November 1: Civil war

Political Economy and Development

Thursday, November 8: Political economy: the basics

  • O’Neil, Chapter 4: Political Economy

Tuesday, November 13: The political economy of poverty

  • O’Neil, Chapter 10: Less Developed and Newly Industrializing Countries.
  • Samuel Valenzuela and Arturo Valenzuela. “Modernization and Dependency: Alternative perspectives in the study of Latin American underdevelopment.”
  • Paul Posner, “Targeted Assistance and Social Capital: Housing Policy in Chile’s Neoliberal Democracy”

Thursday, November 15: Economic and political globalization

  • O’Neil, Chapter 11: Globalization.
  • Additional Reading TBD

Area Studies: Some Examples of Comparative Work

Tuesday, November 27: Russia – A Politics of Ideology?

  • – vladimir Gel’man
  • – valerie sperling

Thursday, November 29: South Africa – Race and Economy in the Rainbow Nation

  • – shireen hassim
  • – coetzee and du toit

prepare a 700- to 1,050-word proposal distinguishing three options integrating eCommerce into International Plastics’ business strategy

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Assignment Content

  1. Resources: International Plastics, Inc. documents: see zipped resource file.
    Using Microsoft® Word, prepare a 700- to 1,050-word proposal distinguishing three options integrating eCommerce into International Plastics’ business strategy. Include a list of anticipated functional requirements, and justify your proposal in the context of the stated requirements.
    Ensure that references are cited and that the paper follows APA formatting guidelines.

Watch the video and write a one page paper that summaries the video, including a summary of etiology, prevention, and treatment of sexually transmitted infections.

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Watch the video and write a one page paper that summaries the video, including a summary of etiology, prevention, and treatment of sexually transmitted infections.

There is the video “STIs: Facts and Fiction”, please watch it before write! Thank you!

https://digital.films.com/OnDemandEmbed.aspx?token=42240&wID=237234&plt=FOD&loid=0&w=640&h=480&fWidth=660&fHeight=530